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Vandenberg & Kuse Mental Rotation Test (Redrawn version)


Description: The original Vandenberg & Kuse Mental Rotation Test has deteriorated to such an extent (only copies of copies are available) that it is of questionable usefulness. We have redrawn this test and it is available in four versions: the basic test (MRTA), an alternate form (MRTB), stimuli presented for rotation around the horizontal axis (MRTD), and a very difficult test, where stimuli have to be rotated both around the vertical and horizontal axis (MRTC). This test is protected by copyright. In the literature, you may find a 20 item version of the test and a 24 item version. I am providing the 24 item version because some selected subject populations get group means that are uncomfortably close to the ceiling of the 20 item version and this complicates statistical analysis.


To inquire about the test, please send an e-mail to the address given below. The test is available now in the following languages. I want to express my heart- felt thanks to all of those individuals who have kindly provided me with translations of the text in the test pages. Naturally, I cannot guarantee the accuracy of the translations and you may wish to consult the original English version for comparison.

  • Arabic
  • Belgian (Flemish)
  • Chinese
  • Croatian
  • Dutch
  • English
  • Farsi
  • Finnish
  • French
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hebrew
  • Hindi
  • Indonesian Bahasa
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • New Malay
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Russian
  • Serbian
  • Spanish
  • Thai
  • Turkish

References:  Peters, M. & Battista, C. (2008). Applications of mental rotation figures of the Shepard and Metzler type and description of a mental rotation stimulus library. Brain and Cognition, 66(3), 260-264.

Peters, M., Laeng, B., Latham, K., Jackson, M., Zaiyouna, R. & Richardson, C. (1995). A Redrawn Vandenberg & Kuse Mental Rotations Test: Different Versions and Factors that affect Performance. Brain and Cognition, 28, 39-58.

Peters, M., Manning, J. T. & Reimers, S. (2007). The effects of sex, sexual orientation, and digit ratio (2D:4D) on mental rotation performance. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36(2), 251-260.

Test Location: In the spirit of the original researchers who have generously provided the basic cube stimulus figures to many researchers, these test are provided to researchers free of any cost. However, they have to adhere to conditions of use that protect the integrity of the test by not allowing it to get into general circulation.A very large stimulus library of the Shepard-type cube figures is also available, suitable for computer presentation, also free of charge.

Please note that we provide the test only to Faculty and Graduate students.

Email the Lead Researcher or Secondary Contact:

Michael Peters, University of Guelph, ON, Canada (Lead Researcher): mpeters [at] uoguelph [dot] ca

Bruno Laeng, University of Oslo (Secondary Contact): bruno.laeng [at] psykologi [dot]